- What selective mutism feels like?
- How is selective mutism diagnosed?
- Is there medication for selective mutism?
- Can selective mutism cause depression?
- How do you treat selective mutism?
- What triggers selective mutism?
- How long does selective mutism last?
- At what age is selective mutism diagnosis?
- Does selective mutism run in families?
- Is selective mutism a choice?
- Is selective mutism on the autism spectrum?
- Can selective mutism be overcome?
- Is selective mutism a neurological disorder?
What selective mutism feels like?
Appearance: Many children with Selective Mutism have a frozen-looking, blank, expressionless face and stiff, awkward body language with lack of eye contact when feeling anxious.
This is especially true for younger children in the beginning of the school year or then suddenly approached by an unfamiliar person..
How is selective mutism diagnosed?
Testing for Selective Mutism Talk to your doctor if you have concerns about how and when your child talks. Your child should also see a psychologist or psychiatrist to see if he has a problem like anxiety. A speech-language pathologist, or SLP, can test your child’s speech and language.
Is there medication for selective mutism?
Abstract. Despite limited evidence, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are used to reduce symptoms of selective mutism (SM) in children unresponsive to psychosocial interventions.
Can selective mutism cause depression?
In the early teenage years, selective mutism is very often compounded by social anxiety disorder. By young adulthood, or earlier, many people with selective mutism will also experience depression and other anxiety disorders, including agoraphobia.
How do you treat selective mutism?
The main treatment for selective mutism is behaviour therapy. Behaviour therapy involves gradually exposing a child to increasingly difficult speaking tasks in the context of a supportive relationship.
What triggers selective mutism?
The cause, or causes, are unknown. Most experts believe that children with the condition inherit a tendency to be anxious and inhibited. Most children with selective mutism have some form of extreme social fear (phobia). Parents often think that the child is choosing not to speak.
How long does selective mutism last?
Symptoms of selective mutism Lasts at least one month – not limited to the first month of school. Failure to speak is not due to lack of knowledge about or comfort with the spoken language.
At what age is selective mutism diagnosis?
Symptoms of selective mutism usually become noticeable between the ages of two and four years. However, the diagnosis may not be apparent until the child has entered school or other social situations. Functioning in school and social situations may be impaired.
Does selective mutism run in families?
The cause of selective mutism is not known. It tends to run in families. A child is more likely to have this disorder if other family members have had problems with selective mutism, social anxiety, or other anxiety disorders. It is not caused by abuse or trauma.
Is selective mutism a choice?
But the favoured term, at least in the UK, has since changed to “selective mutism” to reflect the fact that for many, their inability to talk in some situations does not feel like a choice.
Is selective mutism on the autism spectrum?
Selective Mutism is a Social Anxiety Disorder most commonly found in children and often mistaken and misdiagnosed as Autism. On the surface some of the characteristics may appear to mimic Autistic behaviors.
Can selective mutism be overcome?
It’s possible for adults to overcome selective mutism, although they may continue to experience the psychological and practical effects of spending years without social interaction or not being able to reach their academic or occupational potential.
Is selective mutism a neurological disorder?
ABSTRACT. Selective mutism (SM) is a relatively rare psychiatric disorder of childhood characterized by consistent inability to speak in specific social situations despite the ability to speak normally in others. SM typically involves severe impairments in social and academic functioning.