Quick Answer: What Is FOB CIF And CFR?

What does FOB FCA mean?

Free CarrierFOB.

FCA-Free Carrier-(named place) “Free Carrier” means that the seller fulfils his obligation to deliver when he has handed over the goods, cleared for export, into the charge of the carrier named by the buyer at the named place or point..

What are the differences between FOB CFR and CIF?

Key Takeaways. Cost and freight (CFR) and cost, insurance, and freight (CIF) are terms used in international trade for the shipping of goods by sea. … CIF is similar to CFR, except it also requires the seller to take out an agreed amount of marine insurance to protect against the loss, damage, or destruction of the order …

Which is better FCA or FOB?

The main difference between FCA and FOB is that FCA can be used for all modes of transport, but FOB is only appropriate for what is called conventional sea freight and should not be used when goods move by sea freight in a container. … Risk passes to the buyer once goods are loaded.

What does FOB mean?

Free On BoardFree On Board (FOB) is a shipment term used to indicate whether the seller or the buyer is liable for goods that are damaged or destroyed during shipping. “FOB shipping point” or “FOB origin” means the buyer is at risk and takes ownership of goods once the seller ships the product.

What is CIF delivery?

Under CIF (short for “Cost, Insurance and Freight”), the seller delivers the goods, cleared for export, onboard the vessel at the port of shipment, pays for the transport of the goods to the port of destination, and also obtains and pays for minimum insurance coverage on the goods through their journey to the named …

Who pays the freight on FOB?

Indicating “FOB port” means that the seller pays for transportation of the goods to the port of shipment, plus loading costs. The buyer pays the cost of marine freight transport, insurance, unloading, and transportation from the arrival port to the final destination.

What is the meaning of CIF and FOB?

The abbreviation CIF stands for “cost, insurance and freight,” and FOB means “free on board.” These are terms are used in international trade in relation to shipping, where goods have to be delivered from one destination to another through maritime shipping.

What is FOB and CFR price?

Cost and Freight, or COF, and Free on Board, or FOB, are legal terms in international trade. … With CFR, the seller must arrange and pay all costs to ship the product to a destination port, at which point the buyer becomes responsible.

Is DAP and CIF same?

No, they are not the same. CIF should only be used for conventional sea freight shipments, it is not appropriate for containerised freight or movements by any other modes of transport. … DAP is suitable for any type of transport including conventional sea freight and containerised freight.

Does FOB apply to air freight?

Under the rules of the INCOTERMS 1990, the term FOB is used for ocean freight only. However, in practice, many importers and exporters still use the term FOB in the air freight. … FOB Origin means the buyer is responsible for the freight and other costs and risks.

How is FOB calculated?

FOB Value = Ex-Factory Price + Other Costs (b) Other Costs in the calculation of the FOB value shall refer to the costs incurred in placing the goods in the ship for export, including but not limited to, domestic transport costs, storage and warehousing, port handling, brokerage fees, service charges, et cetera.

What is difference between EXW and FOB?

With Ex works, the seller makes the product available at a designated location, and the buyer incurs transport costs. With Free on Board, the seller is responsible for the goods until they are loaded on a shipping vessel; at which point, all liability transfers to the buyer.

What does CFR in shipping terms mean?

Cost and freightCost and freight (CFR) is a legal term used in foreign trade contracts. In a contract specifying that a sale is cost and freight, the seller is required to arrange for the carriage of goods by sea to a port of destination and provide the buyer with the documents necessary to obtain them from the carrier.

What does CFR stand for?

Code of Federal RegulationsThe Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government. It is divided into 50 titles that represent broad areas subject to Federal regulation.